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Solutions to the Synoptic Problem: Symbol Key

The following symbols, listed alphabetically, are used in the post series that summarizes solutions to the synoptic problem:

  • A, or UrMkUrmarkus (a proto-Gospel of Mark)
  • Ar – Aramaic
  • frag – fragmentary
  • GosNaz – Gospel of the Nazarenes
  • Heb – Hebrew
  • L – a special, Lukan source
  • Lk – Luke
  • M – a special, Matthean source
  • Mk – Mark
  • Mt – Matthew
  • Or – an oral source
  • Q – a hypothetical source roughly consisting of non-Markan material common to Matthew and Luke
  • Sem – a document in a Semitic language (Hebrew or Aramaic)
  • UrevUrevangelium (proto-Gospel)
  • UrLk – a proto-Gospel of Luke
  • X1, 2, 3, n (where X stands for a Gospel) – If X exists in more than one edition, higher numbers denote editions subsequent to the editions marked by earlier numbers. These later editions have edited one or more earlier editions in some way.
  • X → Y (where X and Y stand for different Gospels) – The author of Y used X when writing Y. Or, conversely, X provides a source for Y.

In this post:

Wilhelm Schneemelcher and Robert Wilson

Wilhelm Schneemelcher and Robert Wilson

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This site and its content are licensed by J. David Stark under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. The views expressed here are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect those of any other person(s) or institution(s).
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